Dependency graph of all installed gems

; Read Later on Pocket or Instapaper.

Hello! We're building Appsmith, an open-source internal tool builder with drag-and-drop widget builder, support for several databases and REST APIs. Check us out at, or the repo at GitHub.

Also checkout my current weekend project, Prestige, a simple text based HTTP client for API developers (like Postman) at, or the repo at GitHub.

Every other application written using ruby these days seem to come with this installation instruction:

gem install my-super-awesome-app

and then going on to describing how awesome the app is. But, installing the app in the above way installs all its bazillion dependencies, which, unfortunately are not uninstalled when you uninstall this app with

gem uninstall the-same-damn-app

And so, you have huge mess of gems installed which you have no idea why they are there in the first place. Finding out stale gems that are left out because of this can be a pain.

So, I decided a neat flowchart visualising the dependency relationships between all the installed jars would give me a picture. And yes, it did.

Gem dependency graph

Here’s how I got the flowchart: (save this in say,


gem list \
    | cut -d\  -f1 \
    | xargs gem dep \
    | awk '\
        BEGIN { print "digraph gems {" } \
        /^Gem / { cur=$2; sub(/-[0-9\.]+$/, "", cur); print "  \"" cur "\";" } \
        ! /^Gem / && $0 != "" { print "  \"" cur "\" -> \"" $1 "\";" } \
        END { print "}" }' \
    | dot -Tpng -o gems.png

Assuming you have GraphViz installed, you can just do

chmod +x

and the graph will be saved in gems.png. Happy gem cleaning :).

, , , , .

Share on Email or Twitter or LinkedIn or on all of them!

Buy me a coffee